The surrounding area of the Egyptian city of Luxor is also known as the largest open-air museum in the world. The Egypt visa allows you to experience the impressive highlights of Luxor for yourself.
From Cairo to Luxor
Luxor used to be called Thebes and was the capital of Egypt in the time of the pharaohs. In the surroundings of the city one finds dozens of temples, tombs and other impressive monuments. The journey to Luxor is easy. First of all you need to apply for an Egypt visa to travel to Egypt. Without a visa, in most cases, one does not enter the country. There is the possibility to obtain the visa on arrival at the airport, but most travellers arrange their visa before departure. Egypt has a digital visa system, which makes it easy to apply for a visa online. An Egypt costs £49.95 per person, and is good for a 30-day stay.
Luxor has its own international airport. Many airlines operate routes to this airport, as Luxor is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt. One can also travel via Cairo. However, a domestic flight can quickly become expensive. There is a special night train between Cairo and Luxor, which for many is an attraction in itself.
The Valley of the Kings
One of the most popular attractions in Luxor is the Valley of the Kings. The valley is located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor. From the 16th century to the 11th century B.C., this valley was the burial place for the pharaohs and nobility of the New Kingdom (the 18th, 19th and 20th Dynasties). So far, more than 60 tombs have been found in the valley. The tombs themselves can be visited via underground passages. The most popular tomb is that of Tutankhamun, a pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. The tomb is unique because it turned out to be virtually undamaged during the excavation. Tutankhamun‘s tomb also gave rise to stories of the so-called "Pharaoh‘s curse": twenty-two people involved in the excavation died prematurely.
The Valley of the Kings is best visited in the morning. It is much less crowded then. A ticket costs 100 Egyptian pounds (about £4.75).
The vast Karnak temple complex is located on the east bank of the Nile, just north of Luxor. It is one of the largest religious structures in the world. Only Angkor Wat in Cambodia is larger. In Karnak you can find temples, pillars, chapels and many other structures. Karnak consists of four parts, but only the largest part is open to the public. This part is dedicated to the god Amon. Karnak is unique because it has been built by successive pharaohs for so long. About 30 different pharaohs made additions to the temple complex. The first constructions date back to 1900 BC.
A ticket to visit Karnak costs 80 Egyptian pounds (about £4).
The death temples of Deir el-Bahri
Deir el-Bahri is Arabic for "Monastery of the Sea" and is located on the west bank of the Nile, near Luxor. The first monument in this complex was the death temple of Mentuhotep II, a pharaoh of the 11th dynasty. The largest and most popular monument, however, is the temple of Queen Hatshepsut, one of the rare female rulers in Egyptian history. The gigantic structure is built into a cliff and has several terraces, towering columns and beautiful frescos. It is recommended that you take a guide with you to learn about the unique history of the complex and Hatshepsut.
A ticket to Deir el-Bahri costs only 50 Egyptian pounds (about £2).
The Luxor Temple
In Luxor itself you will find the Luxor Temple. With a length of 242 metres, it is one of the largest temples in Egypt. It was built by Amenhotep III, a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. Later pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, extended the temple further. The entrance to the temple is recognisable by the large pylon, with statues of pharaohs on either side. The walls of the temple are filled with detailed reliefs. Unlike other temples, the Luxor Temple was not built for one pharaoh or god, but symbolised the concept of kingship in general.